Lateral movement

Privileged Instance Profile – Group Management

Risk Level

Hazardous (3)

Compliance Frameworks


IAM Instance Profiles are used to attach IAM Roles to EC2 Instances in order to grant them permissions to different AWS APIs. The instance profile {AwsIamInstanceProfile}, which is connected to {AwsIamInstanceProfile.Ec2Instances|count} instances, was found to have a role with permissive permissions that allows the service or user with these permissions the ability to add a user to any group in the account. Any member of a group gains any privileges granted to that group. An attacker may use this ability to add themselves to a group which has been granted higher privileges than the user's original ones, which may ultimately lead to full account takeover.
  • Recommended Mitigation

    Review the instance profile's policy and consider removing any of the following actions: iam:AddUserToGroup